“Breakfast: not to eat; lunch: rice or corn paste, salted soy beans; dinner: rice or corn paste, salted soy beans.”
This is not a diet recipe, but the daily diet of children in a poor area in the west.
Malnutrition caused by long-term meat-free, egg-free diets will have the following consequences: per capita height is reduced by 3 to 4 cm, IQ is reduced by 10 to 15 points, and final labor loss is 2% to 9%.
Ma Guansheng, a researcher at the Center for Nutrition and Food Safety of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, told China Economic Weekly: “At present, there are 290 million children aged 0-14 in China and 15 million children in poverty. Children in poverty-stricken areas are growing at a slower rate, with WHO standards. Compared to: low body weight rate of 12% to 36%, growth retardation is six times that of urban children, vitamin A deficiency rate is four times that of urban children.”
On September 15th, the “Poverty Alleviation Monthly Donation Action for Children in the Poor Areas” sponsored by the China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation was launched. As long as the monthly donation of 100 yuan, children in poverty-stricken areas can get a daily egg and a bag of milk. Meal.
Due to malnutrition, China lost 1.6 trillion yuan in 2010
Chen Xiwen, deputy head of the Central Rural Work Leading Group and director of the office, said at the launching ceremony of the poverty alleviation month that poverty has become a major problem that has plagued China’s development. In 2010, the per capita net income of Chinese farmers reached 5,919 yuan, and the disposable income of urban residents was 19,109 yuan. The ratio between the two was 1:3.228. How to narrow the gap between urban and rural areas and eliminate poverty has become the focus of social attention. “Children are the future of the country, and children in poor rural areas are the future of the country.” Chen Xiwen said.
The reporter learned at the press conference that “the nutritional status of children in China is far below the world standard.” The “Report on the Nutrition and Health Status of Chinese School-age Children and Adolescents” compiled by the Center for Nutrition and Food Safety of the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention shows that due to malnutrition The economic losses come as much as 4% of gross domestic product (GDP).
Ma Guansheng told China Economic Weekly that “nutrition is based on growth retardation, iodine deficiency and anemia. The anemia is divided into two aspects: child anemia and adult anemia. American scholars according to China 2001 The wage level, iodine deficiency rate, anemia rate, growth retardation rate, and the labor capacity and working years lost due to illness, using the analysis software PROFILES to calculate the productivity loss caused by malnutrition in 2001 (in RMB) “”
“The four parts of productivity loss are growth retardation of 16.6 billion, iodine deficiency of 198 billion, adult anemia of 65.8 billion, child anemia of 259.9 billion, and four total of 362.1 billion yuan.” Ma Guansheng said, “In 2001, China’s GDP was 990 billion yuan. Calculated, the loss reached 4.01% of GDP. The calculation method is an internationally accepted calculation method, so it is not necessary to calculate it once a year.”
In 2010, China’s GDP was 401.22 billion yuan. According to this calculation, the economic loss caused by malnutrition in the year was 160.8 billion yuan.
Invest in child nutrition
Nonprofit organizations have been making their own efforts to improve nutrition in poor areas. The “Monthly Donation, Everyday Meal” initiative is a public welfare action launched by the China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation to continue to provide nutrition for children in poverty-stricken areas through monthly fixed donations.
Liu Wenkui, executive deputy secretary-general of the China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation, said that in order to provide nutrition for children in poverty-stricken areas, a box of student milk is provided for children in poverty-stricken areas, and one or one egg is used as a meal to help children improve their nutrition. Ingestion. “The project is based on the principle of whole school coverage. The project execution time is one year. In addition to national statutory holidays and winter and summer vacations, the school provides nutrition and meals to students every day during school hours (Monday to Friday). The average is the average day, and the actual number of meals is determined according to the actual class time of each aided school.”
“Children’s nutrition subsidy is a measure to prevent intergenerational transmission of poverty and fundamentally eliminate poverty.” Ma Guansheng said, “based on a subsidy of 3 yuan per person per day, 200 school days per year, 600 yuan per year, 9 years of compulsory education. A total of 5,400 yuan is required. Therefore, it can be expected that the child’s income can be increased by 10% in adulthood, and the income of at least 1,000 yuan can be increased every year. Considering the increase of GDP, the reduction of poverty relief funds, and the savings of future medical expenses, This kind of income will be even more impressive. This will also be the most valuable human capital investment. Investing in child nutrition means investing in the future.”
Regarding how to choose a feeding school, Liu Wenkui said that the China Foundation for Poverty Alleviation will conduct a layer-by-layer screening through project sites. “The local education bureau selects the list of the beneficiary schools, basic information, pictures and other materials according to the funding standards of the project schools. The Foundation reviews the relevant materials and conducts field visits to determine the list of final recipient schools.”