High blood sugar before meals and high blood sugar after meals are harmful to your health. Among them, postprandial hyperglycemia has an important impact on the occurrence of diabetic macrovascular complications, especially cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and the risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases increases with the increase of blood glucose 2 hours after meals. So, how to better manage postprandial blood glucose?
1 staple thickness
There are two ways to mix staple food:
One method is to match the three meals, such as morning coarse grains, noon fine grains, and evening coarse grains;
The second type is the thickness and weight matching in the same meal. For example, when using lunch as a staple food, you can use noodles and steamed buns made of “corn + barley noodles + buckwheat noodles”; you can also eat two rice consisting of “rice + mung beans” or “rice + mung beans + oats” “Composed of three rice. In this way, it can not only achieve the intake of trace elements such as dietary fiber, vitamins and inorganic salts, but also improve postprandial blood sugar without causing excessive crudeness or excessive purines.
2 small meals
A small amount generally refers to 7-8% satiety at each meal, and at the same time divide the daily diet several times (usually divided into 5-6 times, respectively between meals and before going to bed, you can return to the platform to send keywords : Meals) can prevent more sugars from being consumed at one time, thereby avoiding a sharp rise in blood sugar after meals and a large amount of insulin release.
3 eat more vegetables
Vegetables can increase satiety and rich nutrition, and can also help smooth blood sugar after a meal. In addition to the limited sugar-containing vegetables, such as garlic seedlings, fresh peas, potatoes, and other limited choices, common leaf, stem, and melon vegetables can be eaten more. The average adult candy friend keeps the vegetables between 500-750 grams per day.
4 protein is indispensable
适 The proper amount of protein in the diet of diabetic friends will help to stabilize blood sugar after meals. Adults can supply 1 gram per kilogram of body weight per day. One third of them are high-quality protein, such as milk, eggs, lean meat, soybeans and their products.
5 Control fat intake
Fatty foods have a great effect on postprandial blood glucose. Controlling fat can also delay and prevent the occurrence and development of diabetes complications. At present, it is advocated that dietary fat should be reduced to 25% or less of total calories. In addition, cholesterol should be properly controlled. .
6 Adjust medication with the help of a doctor
If you do a good job in diet and exercise, but the blood sugar is still high, you need to consult a doctor in person at the hospital to use drugs or fast-acting insulin that can lower blood sugar after meals. (Note: medication adjustment must be carried out under the guidance or knowledge of a professional doctor).
7 Pay attention to postprandial blood glucose monitoring
Postprandial blood glucose should be monitored regularly, at least once a week after meals for 2 hours after meals are stable, and monthly for at least 2 hours after meals for 3 hours a month, so that the postprandial blood glucose changes will be as healthy as possible in order to take timely and effective Measures to avoid damage to the body from high blood sugar after a meal.