Blood lipids are a general term for lipids contained in human blood, including triglycerides, phospholipids, cholesterol, and free fatty acids. The lipid content in the blood is only a very small part compared to the total body lipids, but it runs between various tissues of the human body and generally reflects the lipid metabolism in the body. Normal adult serum lipids are relatively stable and have a range of fluctuations. Blood lipid levels are very susceptible to non-disease factors. If you have normal fasting blood lipids, eat scrambled eggs and stir-fried liver tips, and go to the hospital to take blood for blood lipid check 2 hours later. The level is much higher. However, the effects of this diet are only temporary, usually after 3 to 6 hours, blood lipids will become normal. Short-term hunger can also temporarily increase blood lipid levels in the body due to a large accumulation of stored fat. This is the reason why you should not eat after dinner and check blood for 12 hours after fasting.
There are two sources of blood lipids: one is exogenous, that is, absorbed from the digestive tract; the other is endogenous, that is, integrated by the body’s tissues or synthesized by the liver. Under normal circumstances, it is easily affected by food ingredients and metabolism in the body. Diabetes patients have disordered lipid metabolism, and their blood lipids are generally significantly increased. Hyperlipidemia is a manifestation of metabolic abnormalities. The causes are congenital genetic defects, inadequate fat metabolism in the body, and some diseases, such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, gout, or liver and kidney disease. In addition, some people who have been healthy have eaten high blood lipids.
What is hyperlipidemia? Normal people’s blood lipids maintain dynamic balance within a certain range. Due to different testing methods and different populations, the normal values used in different laboratories are different. Therefore, when the fasting plasma cholesterol, triglyceride or low density lipoprotein concentration exceeds the upper limit of the normal reference range, it can be considered high. Lipids.
Hyperlipidemia is a wealthy disease that plagues modern people. It is caused by improper diet and excessive intake of fatty cholesterol. Hyperlipidemia is a major hazard to the human body. Patients should prevent and control hyperlipidemia in time to prevent more serious diseases. The dangers of hyperlipidemia are as follows:
One of the dangers of hyperlipidemia: Hyperlipidemia will increase blood viscosity and endanger microcirculation perfusion in the circulatory system. Reduce blood flow rate, increase blood viscosity, stagnate capillary microcirculation, and reduce the ability of electrophoresis and deformation of red blood cells.
Hazards of Hyperlipidemia: Hyperlipidemia can harm coronary arteries and form atherosclerosis. A large amount of lipid protein deposits and moves in the plasma, reduces the blood flow rate, and is deposited on the arterial vascular endothelium by rancidity through oxidation, and adheres to the vascular wall for a long time, which damages the arterial vascular endothelium and forms vascular sclerosis.
The third danger of high blood lipids: High blood lipids can cause coronary heart disease. When the human body develops atherosclerosis due to long-term hyperlipidemia, the blood flow in the coronary arteries becomes smaller, the lumen of the blood vessels becomes narrower, and the amount of blood injected into the myocardium decreases, resulting in myocardial ischemia, angina pectoris, and coronary heart disease.
The dangers of hyperlipidemia: Hyperlipidemia can lead to high blood pressure. After the formation of atherosclerosis in the human body, it will lead to myocardial dysfunction, and angiotensin-converting enzymes will be activated in large quantities, promoting spasm of vascular arteries, causing the adrenal gland to secrete vasopressin, resulting in increased blood pressure.
Five of the dangers of hyperlipidemia: Hyperlipidemia can cause stroke. Once the human body develops high blood pressure, the blood vessels will often be in a state of convulsions, and the cerebrovascular endothelium will be damaged after sclerosis, leading to rupture and the formation of hemorrhagic stroke, and the cerebrovascular stagnation in the state of emboli thrombosis, leading to cerebral thrombosis and Cerebral embolism.
Harm of Hyperlipidemia 6: Hyperlipidemia can cause liver damage. Long-term hyperlipidemia can lead to fatty liver, and after liver atherosclerosis is damaged, and liver lobular injury is damaged, the structure changes, which leads to liver cirrhosis and damage to liver function.
Seven of the dangers of hyperlipidemia: Hyperlipidemia can cause the body to form a large number of free radicals and damage human cells. If a large amount of lipid material is released and deposited in human blood, it will increase the body’s oxygen consumption, and through oxidation, it will form lipid oxidation free radicals, which will dissociate in the plasma, invade the body cells, cause the cells to die and age, and cause the human body to age. , Impaired cell function.
The eighth danger of hyperlipidemia: Hyperlipidemia can cause the pH value of the body to be weakly acidic and the body to be acidified. A large number of lipid proteins are free in the plasma, which is extremely susceptible to oxidative rancidity, acidifies human body fluids, is susceptible to virus bacteria, and affects the decomposition and release of bone calcium, leading to calcium deficiency and osteoporosis.
The dangers of hyperlipidemia: Hyperlipidemia can lead to obesity. Blood lipids exceed normal standards in the human body, because the internal secretion regulation system of the body has become disordered, and excessive fat accumulation in the blood will be deposited under the skin and around the blood vessel wall, causing the body fat supply to exceed demand and produce obesity.
Ten of the dangers of hyperlipidemia: Hyperlipidemia can lead to arteriosclerotic occlusive disease, and in severe cases can cause limb amputation.
To successfully lower blood lipids, we must first start with diet, ensure a reasonable diet, control calorie intake, and properly supplement daily dietary fiber or deep sea fish oil soft capsules, vitamin C tablets and other nutritional products. In addition, many natural medicines and foods have good hypolipidemic effects, such as hawthorn, salvia, salvia, shouwu, cassia, huangjing, pueraria, Puhuang, lotus leaf, ginkgo leaf, etc. Drinking on behalf of tea, has a good lipid-lowering effect.
The following natural foods also have blood lipid-lowering functions:
Garlic Allicin and other ingredients in garlic can reduce the concentration of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood, and can reduce cholesterol synthesis by the liver. It has an increasing effect on beneficial high-density lipoproteins, which greatly reduces people’s risk of coronary heart disease. The garlic extract can slow down the heart rate, strengthen the heart’s contractility, expand the peripheral blood vessels, play a role in preventing hypertension and preventing stroke. Garlic is also rich in trace element selenium, which is good for preventing cardiovascular disease. In addition, epidemiological investigations in recent years have found that garlic can also inhibit the synthesis and absorption of nitrite carcinogens in the human body, thereby exerting anti-cancer effects. Garlic also lowers blood sugar and increases insulin levels in the blood. Patients with arteriosclerosis, insisting on eating 3 cloves of garlic a day can reverse the condition and gradually improve. Garlic also prevents platelets from agglomerating, thins the blood, and prevents thrombosis.
Onion Onion contains almost no fat, but contains prostaglandin A, physiologically active substances diallyl disulfide, and sulfur amino acids. It is a natural blood thinner. Among them, prostaglandin A is a strong vasodilator, which can activate the active components of fibrinolytic protein, can reduce the resistance of human peripheral blood vessels and heart coronary arteries, fight high blood pressure substances such as catecholamine in the body, and can promote blood pressure Excretion of substances such as high sodium salts can reduce blood pressure and prevent thrombosis. Diallyl disulfide and sulfur amino acids have the function of preventing vascular sclerosis and reducing blood lipids. Patients with hyperlipidemia often eat onions, and cholesterol, triglyceride and lipoprotein levels in the body will drop significantly. Eating onions often can prevent blood lipid metabolism disorders, stabilize blood pressure for a long time, and improve vascular sclerosis. It has a good protective effect on human arterial blood vessels. Patients with arteriosclerosis and coronary heart disease, eat 50 to 70 grams of onion per day, and its effect is more ideal than the blood lipid-lowering drugs that are often eaten. In addition, onions also have diuretic and anti-cancer effects. It takes only half a raw onion a day to prevent disease.
Shiitake mushrooms are more nutritious than mushrooms and contain 16 amino acids, of which 7 are essential amino acids, a variety of unsaturated fatty acids, a variety of vitamins, and lipid-lowering substances. Traditional Chinese medicine believes that mushrooms are flat and sweet, and have effects such as digestion, fat removal, anti-cancer, anti-virus, and lower blood pressure. The cellulose contained in shiitake mushrooms can promote gastrointestinal motility, prevent constipation, and reduce the absorption of cholesterol in the intestine. Mushrooms also contain nucleic acids such as lentinin, which can promote cholesterol breakdown. There is a prescription, “Shiitake Mushroom Fat Reducing Soup”, 60 grams of fresh shiitake mushrooms, fried with vegetable oil, put in a casserole and boil for 10 minutes, drink daily. It has obvious hypolipidemic effect on patients with hyperlipidemia and arteriosclerosis.
Cucumber Cucumber has heat-clearing, thirst-quenching and diuretic effects. It also contains a large amount of cellulose, which can promote the intestinal excretion of food waste and reduce the absorption of cholesterol; it can inhibit the conversion of sugars into fat in the body, and has special effects of weight loss and adjustment of lipid metabolism. People with high blood lipids and overweight eat more cucumbers, which can lower blood lipids and blood pressure, which is conducive to weight loss. Cucumber is also rich in potassium, which can accelerate the metabolism of the blood and expel excess salt in the body, which is beneficial to the rehabilitation of patients with nephritis and cystitis.
Sweet potatoes are also known as sweet potatoes, sweet potatoes, potato, and sweet potatoes. Contains a large amount of collagen and mucopolysaccharide substances, can maintain blood vessel elasticity, maintain joint lubrication, prevent liver and kidney connective tissue atrophy. Modern nutrition has found that sweet potatoes can prevent lipid deposition and atherosclerosis in the cardiovascular system, promote subcutaneous fat reduction, and avoid excessive obesity, which is an effective hypolipidemic health food. It contains a large amount of potassium and carotene, which is beneficial to normal heart function and blood pressure, and prevents stroke. Adjuvant treatment of night blindness.
Eggplant is also called Luo Su. There are white eggplant and purple eggplant. Contains multiple vitamins. Among them, vitamin P can enhance cell adhesion, improve microvascular elasticity, and prevent microvascular bleeding. Modern clinical medical research confirms that eggplant can effectively reduce the cholesterol content in the body and prevent vascular damage caused by hyperlipidemia. For patients with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, cerebral hemorrhage, arteriosclerosis, and fundus hemorrhage, eggplant is the most effective in reducing lipids Best vegetables.
Mung bean futian, refreshing and sweet mung bean soup is a popular drink to relieve heat. Mung beans can also reduce blood lipids, protect the heart, and prevent coronary heart disease. Foods made of mung bean powder can effectively reduce serum cholesterol, triglycerides and low density lipoprotein, and significantly reduce coronary atherosclerotic lesions. Clinical observations have shown that patients with hyperlipidemia eat 50 grams of mung bean food daily, the serum cholesterol drop rate reaches 70%, and triglycerides do not change much. Eating mung beans has no side effects, can supplement protein, reduce hunger, and is suitable for people with elevated blood fat accompanied by obesity or diabetes.
Peanuts Peanuts contain a lot of plant protein, and the fats are unsaturated fatty acids and sterols. The effectiveness of peanuts in reducing cholesterol in the blood is 12% to 15%. Because the peanut in the small intestine is digested in contact with bile, it can absorb the cholesterol in the bile and reduce the cholesterol content. Peanuts are also rich in vitamin E, which can reduce the number of platelets deposited in the blood vessel wall, strengthen the contractile function of capillaries, improve the deficiency of coagulation factors, keep the blood vessels soft and smooth, and have a positive effect on the prevention and treatment of coronary heart disease. It also contains lecithin, which can nourish and strengthen the brain and delay aging. For various bleeding disorders, such as hemophilia, thrombocytopenic purpura, and functional uterine bleeding, there are auxiliary effects.
Hawthorn Hawthorn contains triterpenoids, bioflavonoids, and rich vitamin C components. It has the effects of dilating blood vessel walls, reducing cholesterol and triglycerides, and lowering blood pressure. In addition, it also contains maslinic acid and citric acid, which have significant hypolipidemic effects, but some elderly people eat hawthorn can cause gastric discomfort such as acid reflux, and should be used with caution. Hawthorn has the highest calcium content, which is beneficial to calcium supplementation for middle-aged and elderly people.
Corn oil contains 52% of plant fat in corn germ. Corn oil is a high-quality oil extracted from corn germ. It has high digestibility, good stability, and can prevent and treat cardiovascular disease. Corn oil also contains extremely rich unsaturated fatty acids, which can promote the excretion of steroids and bile acids, prevent the synthesis and absorption of cholesterol, make it difficult for cholesterol to deposit on the arterial wall, and prevent arteriosclerosis. In addition, corn oil contains glutathione, which has a good anti-cancer effect. It is also very rich in selenium, vitamin A, vitamin E, lecithin, and glutamic acid, which is good for brain health, and delays aging.
The gelatin in the fungus and fungus can absorb the dust and impurities remaining in the human digestive system and collect them out of the body, thereby purifying the stomach and intestines. At the same time, it also has the function of helping to digest fibrous substances, and has the function of dissolving and triturating foreign matter such as indigestible hair, chaff, wood residue, sand, metal shavings that are inadvertently eaten. Indispensable health food for textile workers. It also has a significant function to resolve endogenous foreign bodies such as gallstones and kidney stones. Black fungus can reduce blood clots, prevent the occurrence of diseases such as thrombosis, and can prevent and treat atherosclerosis and coronary heart disease. It contains anti-tumor active substances, which can enhance the body’s immunity. Regular consumption can prevent cancer and anti-cancer.