Prevention of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Diseases in the Elderly

Elderly people, especially those with hypertension, hyperlipidemia, obesity, coronary heart disease and other diseases, often suffer from insufficient cardiac blood flow. Pulmonary palpitations, chest tightness, etc. may occur when the blood supply is mild, and angina pectoris, chest tightness, squeezing, etc. may occur when the blood supply is insufficient. How to improve the cardiovascular blood supply is related to the physical health of the elderly.

Prevention of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases

Control blood changes:

The change of blood pressure is the most direct indicator of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, so controlling blood pressure within the normal range is the most important link to effectively prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. According to clinical statistics, patients who do not adhere to the treatment of hypertension have an incidence more than ten times higher than those who adhere to the treatment. Therefore, long-term adherence to control of blood pressure stability is one of the effective measures to reduce their incidence. On the basis of controlling blood pressure, attention should also be paid to maintaining normal blood glucose and blood lipid levels. Smoking and alcohol are strictly prohibited, and blood levels should be kept normal.

Rules of life:

For patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, daily life should pay attention to develop good habits, reasonable arrangements for rest and exercise time to ensure good sleep time and quality. Do regular health care activities according to your physical condition, but you should pay attention to exercise volume and exercise time, not too much and too long, try to choose jogging, cycling, walking and other forms. At the same time, pay attention to preventing cold and heatstroke, and pay attention to the change of clothing in time to prevent cold from affecting your health. It is worth noting that patients should avoid morning exercises, especially in winter, and must exercise after sunrise.

Pay attention to diet:

Good eating habits, timely conditioning and control of diet can effectively prevent the onset of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. Pay attention to heatstroke prevention in summer, drink more mung bean soup, licorice, and double flower water; in winter, it is advisable to supplement heat and nourish foods, pay attention not to overdose, in order to prevent blood lipids and blood sugar from increasing. Eating more light food can dilute the blood and maintain blood circulation.

Adjust your mindset:

Maintain a positive and optimistic attitude, control emotional fluctuations, respond to various emergencies with a broad and peaceful attitude, be angry and less excited, be more tolerant of conflicts, avoid conflicts, actively participate in public welfare activities, and maintain a good attitude.

Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases have now become a killer that seriously affects the physical health of the elderly, and can cause a variety of complications. Develop good habits in daily life, actively exercise at the right intensity, maintain emotional stability, use medications on time and reasonably, effectively prevent and treat cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, and provide a happy old age for the elderly.