What to do in winter with allergic rhinitis?

Cold air and dust in the air continue to irritate the human nasal mucosa. Nasal congestion, runny nose, and headache have become common routines in many rhinitis patients. Taking anti-inflammatory drugs and smoked garlic, all the tricks have been used, but they still do not work . My nose is not ready. What can I do?

After heavy snowfall, the temperature dropped sharply, the air quality was poor, and dust mites and other allergens increased. Many rhinitis patients also suffered from allergic rhinitis, and sneezing, nasal congestion, itching, and runny nose. I’m so upset …

High incidence of rhinitis in winter is related to air quality and environment

Why is autumn passing, not the season of pollen, and allergic rhinitis still does not improve, but is more serious? In fact, winter is a period of high incidence of allergic rhinitis. Each winter is a period of high incidence of rhinitis, which is related to winter air quality and the environment. PM2.5 in the air will increase significantly in winter, and environmental quality will also decline. In addition, rhinitis will be significantly aggravated by lowering the temperature and being stimulated by cold air.

Most people with allergic rhinitis are allergic to pollen, chemicals, dust mites, animal dander and other allergens. Although winter is not the pollen season, the body’s immunity is reduced due to some modern diseases such as colds, lack of sleep, fatigue, and viral infections. There is also a decrease in indoor ventilation opportunities due to cold weather, which leads to an increase in indoor allergen concentrations and easy to cause allergic rhinitis. Therefore, allergic rhinitis should be paid more attention in winter.

Two kinds of rhinitis cognitive errors: “don’t care” and “disorder treatment”

Many patients suffer from rhinitis for a long time, in large part because they are not treated scientifically. Many patients will get some knowledge about rhinitis from books and the Internet. Among the patients we routinely consult, there are two types of cognitive misunderstandings most likely to occur: one is that they don’t care, and the other is disorderly treatment. Rhinitis can not be ignored, but do not rush into medical treatment.

Patients who don’t care, think rhinitis is a minor disease, and don’t take it seriously, which will affect the treatment of the disease. The other is that network knowledge misleads patients. Various factors will make it very serious. Some people even exaggerate rhinitis related to tumors or other diseases. Especially when children have rhinitis, it will affect sleep and learning. Parents will be particularly nervous, and it is easy to get medical treatment in an emergency.

It ’s understandable to search for prescriptions or find other treatments to solve rhinitis, but after all, many of these materials searched online are not very regular treatments. If the treatment is not good, these prescriptions may bring adverse consequences to patients with rhinitis, so it is recommended that patients and their families should go to a professional hospital to find a formal treatment.

Some rhinitis symptoms may be mistaken for a cold

With the heavy snow season coming, it has entered the coldest time of the year. Not only do many people feel cold, they also feel itchy noses, sneezing, and running nose constantly. At this time, don’t take it for granted that you have a cold. If symptoms such as sneezing and runny nose appear, it is not necessarily a cold, but it may also be seasonal allergic rhinitis.

How to distinguish rhinitis from a cold? What rhinitis symptoms can be mistaken for a cold?

Rhinitis symptoms are very similar to colds. It is accompanied by itchy nose, sneezing, runny nose, and stuffy nose, but rhinitis and cold can still be distinguished as long as they are distinguished.

In general, the common symptoms of patients with allergic rhinitis and cold patients include nasal congestion, runny nose, and some patients may have paroxysmal sneezing symptoms. Cold patients have a history of being cold or getting angry (wind-heat type cold), while patients with allergic rhinitis have no clear history of catching cold, but most of them can be related to seasonal and environmental changes.

Colds are mostly acute and are caused by a viral infection. They usually heal within 7 days. A cold is usually accompanied by some systemic symptoms, such as sore throat, cough, and weakness, and severe fever, headache, soreness, and even nausea and diarrhea. Allergic rhinitis is not.

Allergic rhinitis is characterized by nasal congestion, itchy nose, continuous sneezing, and clearing of the nose. It is caused by the body’s allergy to air allergens (mainly dust mites and pollen). Common chronic rhinitis has nasal congestion as the main symptom, which is related to air pollution, poor constitution, and frequent colds. If you sneeze multiple times a day, more than three at a time, or even more than 10 or dozens in a row, they often start in the morning, at night, or immediately after contact with allergens. A lot of water-like snot can be caused. Drip, then we must be alert to allergic rhinitis.

A large proportion of patients with allergic rhinitis have had the experience of treating a cold or taking cold medicine on their own. Some patients with allergic rhinitis have a temporary improvement after taking a cold medicine. This is because some cold medicines have anti-allergic effects. However, there are some antipyretic and analgesic drugs in cold medicine, which have large side effects when taken for a long time. In addition, many people treat colds at the beginning of the onset of disease, which results in a delay in the course of the disease, which can eventually lead to nasal congestion and runny nose.

Rhinitis treatment is important to find the root cause

In fact, in treating rhinitis, finding the root cause is the most critical. In particular, allergic rhinitis requires a doctor to pass a confirmatory diagnosis test to determine that it is allergic rhinitis, find an allergen, and then perform related desensitization treatment. In addition to desensitization treatment, nasal spray drugs, antiallergic drugs, etc . How to relieve allergic rhinitis? The treatment of allergic rhinitis is divided into two types: symptom control and desensitization treatment. The former is mainly a cure for the symptoms, while the latter is the only treatment at home and abroad that is possible to cure allergic rhinitis.

Control of symptoms: There are two types of treatments, intranasal and oral. There are differences in efficacy between the two modes of administration. Intranasal administration (nasal spray) directly affects the nasal mucosa, and has the advantages of high local drug concentration and fewer systemic side effects. However, for patients with allergic symptoms of other organs (such as allergic conjunctivitis, asthma, etc.), the use of oral anti-allergic drugs can improve the efficacy. Of course, for pregnant patients, the drugs should be used with caution, especially for oral systemic effects. drug.

There are two types of nasal sprays: one for topical glucocorticosteroids and the other for intranasal decongestants. The former can effectively relieve the symptoms of nasal congestion and runny nose; the latter can quickly reduce the symptoms of nasal congestion, which is more suitable for patients with severe nasal congestion symptoms, but the course of treatment must be strictly controlled within 7 days.

In addition, oral drugs include anti-leukotriene and antihistamines, both of which are generally used in combination with nasal sprays.

There are two methods of desensitization as the current possible cure for allergic rhinitis, one is sublingual desensitization therapy, and the other is subcutaneous injection desensitization therapy. The treatment time of both is more than three years, and requires long-term uninterrupted administration, which is relatively expensive.

Air is the key to preventing allergic rhinitis

To prevent allergic rhinitis, the air should be treated well, and air purification and indoor ventilation should be paid attention to. We can take many measures to prevent the daily environment of our daily life, such as proper handling of household hygiene; turning on indoor air purifiers; opening more windows on weekdays to maintain air convection, don’t get stuffy inside, keep windows and doors closed for a long time, indoor pollution Makes rhinitis worse.

Secondly, the key to the prevention of allergic rhinitis is to avoid contact with allergens. When allergic discomfort occurs indoors, indoor ventilation should be performed in time to reduce the concentration of allergens. In addition, patients with allergic rhinitis need to improve the living environment. For example, those who are allergic to mites should keep the room dry and ventilated for a long time, and the bedding should be kept in the sun for a long time. Those who are allergic to animal skin should be banned from raising small animals and changing carpets and feathers Mattresses, indoor ventilation to reduce dust, etc. can reduce the chance of illness.

In addition, diet should pay attention to eat cold food, spicy and irritating food, eat more fruits and vegetables and other foods rich in vitamins. For certain foods that cause allergies, it is best to eat. Should also be appropriate to strengthen outdoor exercise when the weather is fine, adjust the body’s immunity, increase resistance to allergens, reduce the chance of viral infection, such as mountain climbing, Tai Chi, jogging, etc. Frequent nasal massage can also enhance the function of the nasal cavity against allergens.