Can Mediterranean diet and exercise really reduce the risk of dementia?

Recently, scientists from the University of East Anglia launched a new study to observe whether the Mediterranean diet and exercise can improve brain function and reduce the risk of dementia.

The Mediterranean diet is rich in fruits, vegetables, nuts, beans, whole grains, fish and olive oil, and limited amounts of dairy, red meat and sweets. Red wine is a typical alcoholic beverage; the study is in the UK The first study was initiated to try to change people’s diet and exercise habits within 24 weeks.

The researchers tracked more than 60 participants recruited from Newcastle and Birmingham. Professor Anne-Marie Minihane said there are currently about 850,000 dementia patients in the UK and that the number of patients will exceed 2 million by 2050; There are currently drugs that can help improve the patient’s symptoms, such as the most common form of dementia, Alzheimer’s disease, but no therapy can block or slow the spread of the disease through the brain.

That’s why it’s important to look for preventive measures to restore the brain’s activity. These preventive measures include changing the diet or lifestyle of the patients. Researchers say that over the past 10 years, scientists have discovered that the Mediterranean diet has Regular exercise can improve the body’s cognitive ability and is associated with a reduced risk of dementia. However, researchers also need to conduct a large number of human studies to obtain more solid evidence.

Participants who participated in the study must be between 55-74 years old and have not been diagnosed with dementia, but their memory has begun to decline significantly, the researcher Professor Minihane said, we are looking for those who are trying to change the diet. Or participants in the exercise level. In this study, our team participants performed MRI brain scans (cognitive tests), collected blood samples from participants, recorded dietary data, and gave participants the activity monitoring device. Later, we will also conduct More in-depth research to elucidate the molecular mechanisms underlying the Mediterranean diet and exercise to reduce the risk of dementia.