In this extraordinary period, many people may not know how to eat can be nutritious and healthy, and can effectively improve their immunity. Let me give you a science first. What should we eat at home?
Dietary principles: first, the combination of meat and vegetables, mainly vegetarian; (digestible diet principles), second, three less and more, fresh fruits and vegetables (three less refers to less salt, less oil, less sugar, more vitamins and cellulose (Eat more vegetables and fruits); Third, eat everything but not more.
Dietary principles for patients with coronavirus pneumonia
First, balanced nutrition.
In the early and middle stages of the plague, the diet should be light, but patients should pay attention to supplementary nutrition after eating, and can eat more nutritious food appropriately. Choose 50 to 60g of high-quality protein every day, such as milk, meat, fish, soybeans, and eggs; vitamins can enhance the body’s immunity. Care should be taken to choose fresh vegetables and fruits to obtain balanced nutrition. Enhance your body’s immunity through a varied diet every day.
Second, eat more onions and garlic.
Shallots and garlic have a positive effect on improving immunity and preventing respiratory diseases.
Scallions, warm in nature and spicy, have the functions of dispersing cold, strengthening the stomach, sweating, removing phlegm, and sterilizing. Rich in protein, fat, carbohydrates, vitamins A, B1, B2, C, trace elements such as calcium, phosphorus, iron, magnesium, etc. Garlic is warm and spicy, and has the effects of strengthening the stomach, sterilizing and dispersing cold. Suitable for patients with lung disease, garlic should be used for disease prevention. Because it has a significant broad-spectrum antibacterial effect, it has a certain effect on respiratory infectious diseases.
Third, choose a reasonable fruit.
Fruits should be eaten in an amount of about 150-200G per day. Do not consume too much cold fruits, in order to prevent the spleen and stomach from being damaged, which hinders the function of transportation and is not conducive to the recovery of disease. At the same time, we should pay attention to the choice of fruit types. Most fruits are good for the disease, but do not eat sweet and warm fruits, such as plums and oranges. These fruits will help heat and sputum. Recommended to eat apples, pears, kiwi, etc.
Fourth, supplemental dimension C
Supplementing an appropriate amount of vitamin C can promote the body’s nutritional metabolism and energy production, enhance immune function, and improve the body’s ability to respond to stress (such as infections). You can take a small vitamin C tablet (common OTC medicine) for about 2 yuan a vial. Take two or three capsules a day. It is recommended not to exceed 1000 mg per day. Vegetables and fruits are rich in vitamin C.
Fifth, eat more dark vegetables.
Coronavirus pneumonia infections are numerous and prone to stress and anxiety. The bad mood will cause the inflammatory response to rise, and the dark-colored vegetables have a higher nutritional value density than other vegetables, and are also a source of antioxidants. It is guaranteed that 300-500 grams of vegetables per day, with a colorful combination of vegetables is the best.
Six, avoid greasy and spicy
Because pneumonia is an acute fever, it consumes the body’s righteousness and affects the function of the internal organs. Patients may experience a reduction in digestive function, so do not eat big fish, large meats, or excessively greasy substances, as it may affect recovery. In addition, the greasy things are mostly warm, which can generate internal heat and dampness as sputum, which is not good for the recovery of pneumonia, so it should be avoided.
- Avoid eating mutton and dog meat.
Do not eat mutton, dog meat, and fried barbecue foods; do not eat spicy hot pot and hot, chili, pepper, pepper and other hot foods; do not smoke or drink. Coughing and sputum symptoms may worsen after eating the above foods.
Eight, keep intestinal health.
The intestine is not just a digestive organ; it is an immune organ.
More than 70% of our immune cells come from the intestine. The intestine is about 7 to 9 meters long. The area of the intestinal mucosa after expansion is much larger than the area of the skin surface of the body, and 70% of the immune cells are in the intestinal mucosa. Therefore, the intestine is healthy and the immunity is strong.
Principles for maintaining a healthy intestinal diet: (1) Supplement more probiotic foods, such as yogurt and probiotics, and ferment foods. Beneficial to increase the number of beneficial bacteria in the intestine. (2) More supplementary dietary fiber foods such as green leafy vegetables, root vegetables and fruits can reduce the production of intestinal toxins, help gastrointestinal motility, and help improve the intestinal flora environment. (3) Eat more foods containing fructooligosaccharides. Fructo-oligosaccharides are foods for probiotics. Proper supplementation can greatly increase the number of probiotics. Barley, onion, and ginger contain fructooligosaccharides.
Suggested reference for pneumonia recipe (routine):
Breakfast: 1 poached egg, 1 bowl of millet porridge, 100 grams of fried green bamboo shoots with fungus, 200G apples.
Lunch: 100 grams of fungus fish fillet, 100 grams of fried cabbage with cauliflower, 150 grams of miscellaneous rice, sea melon soup.
Dinner: Stewed pork rib soup with white radish, 200 grams of fried tofu, a bowl of millet porridge
Breakfast: 1 poached egg, 2 bean paste buns (or vegetarian dish buns, meat buns), 100 grams of vegetarian fried broccoli, and one kiwi.
Lunch: 100 grams of steamed sea bass, 100 grams of yam fried with black bamboo shoots, 150 grams of rice, and tofu and green vegetable soup.
Dinner: Millet porridge, 200g of mushroom and baby mushroom soup
Breakfast: Egg custard, 2 slices of whole wheat bread, 100 grams of green fungus, white fungus, and one Sydney
Lunch: 100 grams of stewed chicken with soy beans, 100 grams of tofu fried celery, 100 grams of sweet potato rice
Dinner: 100 grams of cucumber and shrimp, 200 grams of fried fungus with tomatoes and cabbage leaves, lily millet porridge
Special Period: Recipes for scarce supplies
Breakfast options (choose one out of three):
- One boiled egg, one bowl of mixed bean porridge (millet, rice, red bean, mung bean, etc.), 200G apple.
- One boiled egg, two bean paste buns (or vegetarian dish buns, meat buns), one cup of soy milk, one kiwi.
- 1 poached egg, 2-4 slices of whole wheat bread, 1 cup of yogurt, and one Sydney (200 g)
Lunch options (choose one out of three):
- One plate of dumplings (filled with chives and eggs).
- Buns (bean paste buns, vegetarian dish buns, meat buns) 2 tofu and green cabbage soup.
3, a plate of dumplings (carrot, tofu and pork stuffing) tomato egg soup.
Dinner choice (one of three choices):
- Buns (bean paste bun, vegetarian bun, meat bun) 2 seaweed egg soup
2, a plate of dumplings (celery, cabbage and pork stuffing) cucumber egg soup
- Tomato and egg noodles