Dietary advice during a virus outbreak

During epidemic prevention and control, physical health is particularly important, and diet is closely related to health. According to the relevant recommendations issued by the Chinese Medical Association, Chinese Preventive Medicine and other institutions, I have compiled a diet guide that ordinary people can refer to.

Proper high protein diet
Increase the intake of protein foods (fish, shrimp, meat, eggs, milk, and beans) by eating more than usual, and at every meal every day. But don’t eat together, let alone eat wild animals. Do not touch live animals and poultry, and at the same time, fish, shrimp, meat and eggs must be cooked and cooked thoroughly.

Eat more fresh vegetables and fruits
The intake of vegetables and fruits should be higher than usual, and the total amount of fruits and vegetables for adults is about 1 kg / day. Choose dark green, red and yellow fruits and vegetables. Properly reduce the amount of fruits and vegetables to go out to buy, but do not hoard too much, especially perishable fresh fruits and vegetables. It is recommended to store melon fruits and rhizome fruits and vegetables, such as pumpkin, bitter gourd, eggplant, onion, carrot, radish, Chinese cabbage, potatoes, etc.

Eat well and increase nutrition
To ensure adequate nutrition intake, eat well and eat well, do not diet, do not lose weight. Inadequate diet, the elderly and patients with chronic wasting diseases must do everything possible to increase their nutritional intake, including the use of commercial enteral nutrition (special medical food) or nutrient supplements (health food). Drink plenty of water at least 1500 ml per day.

However, there is no reliable scientific evidence for various preventive measures such as fumigating vinegar, eating garlic, drinking, saline mouthwash, taking a lot of vitamins, eating Houttuynia cordata, drinking Shuanghuanglian, Banlangen oral solution, and so on.

Get enough sleep and work regularly
Try not to stay up late, work regularly, and get enough sleep, and ensure that you sleep at least 7 hours a day. People who have been accustomed to exercise and exercise are advised to exercise outdoors in the open and few people. Whether to wear a mask should consider the air quality and epidemic requirements. Do not participate in group sports, especially indoor multiplayer or group sports.

Wash your hands frequently, pay attention to food hygiene,
Always wash your hands before eating. Wash your hands with running water, soap, and hand sanitizer. Wash hands between handling raw and cooked food, and wash hands after handling raw food. Separate raw and cooked food, and process and hold raw meat, aquatic products, and vegetables on cutting boards, knives, basins, plates, bowls, and other utensils separately from cooked food. After use, clean and disinfect in time. It is recommended that you make less cold dishes and don’t buy bulk meat and so on. The leftovers of lettuce must be thoroughly heated before eating to avoid hospital visits caused by bacterial food poisoning.

Pay attention to safety when dining out
Try to cook at home. When ordering takeaway, it is recommended to choose the nearest store; do not choose raw and undercooked dishes; wear a mask when going out for takeout; wash hands before eating after taking out the package. After returning to work, try to bring meals from home if possible, and use a microwave oven before eating. If you ca n’t bring meals, try not to dine (to avoid crowds of people), it is recommended to take away or take out.