It takes almost common sense to drink 8 glasses of water a day, but is it really good for us to drink so much water? A study has shown that drinking too much water activates the mechanism of inhibition of swallowing in the brain. Once this inhibition mechanism is exceeded, we will face the risk of water intoxication, which is commonly referred to as “hyponatremia” in medicine. Hyponatremia is a condition caused by excessive water in the human body that causes low levels of sodium in the blood. It can cause drowsiness, nausea, convulsions, and even coma. If left untreated, it may die within a few hours.
Feel thirsty and drink more healthy
Dr. Michael Farrell, Principal Investigator at Monash University in Melbourne, said: “It is right to drink water according to your body needs. Drinking water when you are thirsty is healthier than making a precise drinking schedule. We found that drinking too much water After that, we need to swallow hard, which means we have to overcome some kind of resistance. Marathon athletes die in some cases due to drinking too much water, because they blindly follow the recommendation that they should drink plenty of water, and ultimately the amount of drinking far exceeds The body needs it.”
Functional magnetic resonance imaging is used to measure the activity of various parts of the brain, mainly reflecting the transient response of the brain before human swallowing. The researchers asked participants to take a drinking test in two situations after exercise, one when they were very thirsty and the other when they were asked to drink too much water. The results showed that the brain swallowing mechanism workload increased three-fold after excessive drinking. But scans show that when the participants drink too much water, the prefrontal area of the brain is more active than usual. Researchers believe that when the frontal area is involved in transcending the swallowing mechanism, people can achieve drinking. Dr. Farrell said that it is important to note that older people usually do not have enough water and should observe the fluids they consume.
If water enters the body faster than it is excluded, the electrolyte in the blood becomes thinner. This causes water to pass through the bloodstream into cells and organs such as the brain, which in turn affects its function.