A 60-year-old Zhang Ayi found high blood sugar, glycosylated hemoglobin 8.1%, fasting blood glucose 8.0mmol / L more than 1 month before the physical examination, so Zhang Ayi at the friend’s suggestion to Beijing Ruijing Diabetes Hospital to regulate blood sugar.
During the hospitalization, when the dietitian came to give nutrition guidance, Zhang Ayi asked: Can I eat whole grains? When the dietitian answered, Zhang Ayi went on to say that she usually likes to drink porridge, especially miscellaneous grains. I heard that eating whole grains is good for blood sugar, so I drink every day. I can drink two bowls for one meal.
After listening to Zhang Ayi’s narrative, the nutritionist told her that although reasonable eating of coarse grains is good for health, it is not that diabetics can only eat whole grains or eat a lot of whole grains. This is wrong. If the coarse grains are not eaten properly, not only will the blood sugar not fall, but it may be higher.
Coarse grains also contain carbohydrates. Eating too much whole grain can also keep blood sugar high, so you should still strictly control the total calories you can consume every day when you eat coarse grains.
It is necessary to pay attention to the combination of coarse and fine grain, and consciously choose coarse grains under the premise of taking fine grains as the leading factor. In general, you can eat 1~2 of coarse grains a day. Also note that not all coarse grains can be eaten. For example, sticky rice such as rhubarb rice, sticky millet, and waxy corn, which are also coarse grains, have a very high blood sugar response after meals. Coarse grains such as oats, buckwheat, and glutinous rice are more suitable for diabetic patients.
The nutritionist told Zhang Ayi that while eating coarse grains, it was also necessary to match fish, eggs, milk, vegetables and other foods to achieve an overall nutritional balance in order to effectively control postprandial blood sugar.
The core of scientific diet therapy is to eat nutritious and fresh food. With regard to staple foods, fat people should make themselves feel a little hungry, and lean people should be based on the principle of not being hungry. Vegetables should be eaten more, such as celery, lettuce, etc., but spinach is best eaten less, because it is easy to raise uric acid. Do not eat animal internal organs, it is easy to raise blood lipids. Meat should eat more fish and shrimp, eat less pork, if the elderly feel that fish and shrimp do not solve the problem, you can eat some beef.
Snacks should be controlled. Everyone should remember that 1 and 2 melon seeds are equivalent to 2 staple foods. Although sugar-free biscuits do not contain sugar, biscuits are still biscuits, which will affect blood sugar.
Do not smoke, drink alcohol.
Eat coarse grains properly, but don’t overdo it. For example, noodles are a good food, but there is no need to eat every meal, or except for soba noodles, other staple foods are not eaten, so the quality of life is a bit low, and it is not conducive to the control of blood sugar.