In winter, the temperature drops sharply, and the temperature difference between day and night increases, and special climate conditions make winter a frequent season for various diseases. If the body is unable to adapt to this change and its resistance is reduced, some “old problems” are particularly prone to recurrence, and cardiovascular diseases are one of them. Studies have shown that in cold environments, blood vessels continue to contract, sweat less, and the blood is sticky and runs slowly. In winter, blood pressure is high and difficult to fall, which can easily cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. So how to prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease in winter?
- Keep warm
It is recommended that patients with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, especially middle-aged and elderly patients, pay attention to keeping warm when going out, wear warm jackets or down jackets, and wear scarves, hats, gloves and masks to reduce cold air irritation to the blood vessels.
- Reasonable medication
Reasonable medication is the key to preventing the onset of the disease, which is very important for people with a history of hypertension to keep blood pressure stable and prevent blood pressure fluctuations. The key to maintaining a stable blood pressure is to regularly monitor blood pressure and regulate medication. Hypertension patients must be adjusted for antihypertensive drugs under the guidance of a doctor. In addition, the first medicine in winter must be taken in the morning, do not take it after breakfast.
- Drink plenty of water
Drink more than two liters of water a day, drink water many times, and don’t drink too much at a time. At night, you can drink warm boiled water after waking up.
- Get up slowly
When getting up, don’t get too fierce. Get up slowly when you are awake. You can also move your limbs on the bed first, and when you want to ensure that the college cycle starts to slowly rise, you can get up for washing and drinking.
- Pay attention to diet
Cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease friends eat and drink, or the principle of low salt, low fat, low sugar. However, these three low diets are not without paying attention to nutrition, and healthy diet is a comprehensive nutrition diet. It’s not like some people can’t eat meat, friends with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases can eat anything, but to grasp the principle, just don’t go too far. It is also recommended to use plant food as the main supplementary meat products such as fish and chicken or to boil soup. It is not harmful to eat warm and cold. In addition to this principle, eating and drinking also need to remember not to be too full. Eating and drinking too much can cause increased heart burden.
- Don’t compete with bowel movements
Middle-aged and elderly people have insufficient intestinal motility and are prone to constipation, but forced defecation may instantly increase high blood pressure, induce cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease, and elderly with a history of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular disease. In particular, pay attention to the toilet and do not worry, drink plenty of water and intake dietary fiber Better intestinal motility.
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