According to a recent study published in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology., reducing the intake of meat products (food of animal origin) and choosing a plant-based diet can minimize intestinal microbiome disorders and Increased risk of coronary heart disease is associated with adverse reactions, thereby reducing the risk of heart disease. The human intestinal flora is composed of a series of microorganisms that play an important role in our metabolism, nutrient absorption, energy level and immune response. When intestinal bacteria digest animal-derived nutrients, they produce a metabolite called trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO). This compound is known to be associated with an increased risk of heart attack and coronary heart disease (CHD).
In the study, the authors examined 760 women. This is a prospective cohort study of 121,701 female registered nurses aged 30 to 55. The women were asked to report data on dietary patterns, smoking habits, and physical exercise, as well as other demographic data, and provided two copies collected 10 years apart Blood sample. The researchers measured the plasma concentration of TMAO from the first blood collection to the second blood collection. Researchers studied how diet quality changes the link between TMAO and CHD. Studies have found that women with coronary heart disease have higher TMAO concentrations, higher BMI, family history of heart disease, and unhealthy eating habits (including insufficient vegetable intake and excessive intake of animal products). Throughout the study, women with the largest increase in TMAO levels had a 67% higher risk of coronary heart disease. Qi Lu, director of the Obesity Research Center of Tulane University and the senior author of the study, said: “Diet is one of the most important modifiable risk factors for controlling the body’s TMAO level. None of the previous prospective cohort studies have resolved whether the long-term changes in TMAO are related to Coronary heart disease is related, and whether dietary intake can change these associations. Our findings indicate that lowering the level of TMAO may help reduce the risk of coronary heart disease and suggest that the microbiota may be a new direction for preventing heart disease.”