Winter kidney disease patients’ diet should be “three less and one more”

Winter is a period of high incidence of kidney disease. Most people know to keep warm and avoid illness, but ignore the problem that improper diet can increase the burden on the kidneys. Professor Wang Li, deputy director of the Department of Nephrology, the Fourth Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, said that patients with kidney disease should eat less high-salt, high-protein, and high-fat foods, and eat more seasonal fresh vegetables.

Wang Li said that the winter is cold, and many patients ignore their kidney problems and start eating and drinking to resist the severe cold. This can easily lead to excessive intake of protein or fat, salt and other foods, which may lead to worsening kidney disease.

“Patients with chronic kidney disease, eat less high-salt, high-protein, and high-fat foods, especially those with poor kidney function, and pay more attention to limiting phosphorus intake.” Wang Li said that broth, animal viscera and nuts contain Higher phosphorus, eat less. Patients with kidney disease should pay attention to a low-salt diet. When the albumin content in the plasma drops, you can eat protamine, such as lean meat, fish, eggs and soy products. When the content of urea nitrogen in the blood has increased and there is a tendency to uremic, a low protein diet should be eaten to control the intake of plant protein.

In addition, doctors remind patients with low urine output to limit potassium intake and eat less citrus, bananas, potatoes, etc. If accompanied by high blood pressure, the salt intake should be limited to one-half or one-third of the normal salt intake. Patients with kidney disease should not eat foods and condiments containing irritating ingredients such as eggs, pine eggs, and peppers. They should eat more fresh vegetables and fruits.