Due to diet control, people with diabetes are prone to lack of nutrition and malnutrition, which leads to lower body resistance and higher risk of complications. In particular, the following vitamins, diabetes people are easy to lack, pay attention to supplements to better control blood sugar and prevent complications.
Beta-carotene has a protective effect on the eyes. Its molecular structure is equivalent to two molecules of vitamin A. After entering the body, it acts as an enzyme in the liver and small intestine mucosa, 50% of which becomes vitamin A. The purpose of the role, especially for diabetic friends with eye disease, should pay attention to the supplement of β-carotene.
Supplement: The most abundant sources of beta-carotene are green leafy vegetables and yellow, orange fruits (such as carrots, sea buckthorn, mango, spinach, lettuce, potatoes, sweet potatoes, hazelnuts, broccoli, cantaloupe and melon). In general, the more intensely colored fruits or vegetables, the more beta-carotene is enriched.
2, Vitamin C
Vitamin C can eliminate harmful free radicals in the body and prevent diabetes with nerve and vascular lesions. Vitamin C can lower plasma lipid peroxides, lower blood total cholesterol, triglycerides, increase high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, relieve microalbuminuria and early diabetic retinopathy.
Supplementary method: The recommended daily intake for adults is 60mg, and those with diabetes can be supplemented with 100-500mg. Foods rich in vitamin C include jujube, kiwi, cassia seed, fresh jujube, sea buckthorn, wild leek, pepper, alfalfa, bamboo leaf, etc. You can eat more of these foods daily.
3, Vitamin E
Vitamin E is a natural fat-soluble antioxidant that scavenges free radicals and protects cells from oxidative damage. Vitamin E also improves the body’s sensitivity to insulin, inhibits thromboxane formation, improves blood circulation, and reduces arteriosclerosis and microvascular disease.
Supplementary method: The recommended intake of normal people is 14mg per day, and diabetic patients can supplement vitamin E 100～200mg every day to prevent cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. Foods rich in vitamin E are: sesame oil, corn oil, sesame, walnut, peanut oil, pine nuts, mulberry, mushroom, corn, etc.
4, B vitamins
Studies have shown that vitamin B7 can help diabetics control blood sugar levels and prevent nerve damage caused by diabetes. Vitamin B, vitamin B2, vitamin B6, vitamin B12 and other B vitamins are the main components of the coenzyme of glucose metabolism, and can also be used to treat multiple neuritis. Diabetic patients need appropriate supplementation.
Supplementary methods: B-rich vitamin-rich foods include peanuts, beans, millet, animal offal, milk and dairy products, meat, eggs, fish, black rice, peas, etc. Natural vitamin B12 can only be obtained from animal foods, so vegans need to eat more beans or extra vitamin B12.