There are three kinds of minerals that are particularly important in the nutritional control of people with high blood pressure. They are potassium, calcium and magnesium. The relationship between potassium and blood pressure is: 1 potassium directly dilates blood vessels, reducing blood pressure on blood vessels; 2 sodium has a direct effect of raising blood pressure, and potassium can promote sodium excretion, thereby lowering blood pressure. The role of potassium in lowering blood pressure has consistently been consistent in different types of studies. Therefore, ensuring adequate potassium in food is important for the prevention and treatment of hypertension.
Suggestions on potassium supplementation: 1 Choose potassium-rich foods; 2 Choose low-sodium and high-potassium salt.
While paying attention to potassium supplementation, it is also important to pay attention to calcium supplementation and magnesium supplementation. Calcium can accelerate the excretion of sodium, has a role in lowering blood pressure, and often eats foods rich in calcium, which has obvious auxiliary effects on the treatment of hypertension. Magnesium can dilate peripheral blood vessels. In the absence of magnesium, angiotensin and vasoconstrictors increase, causing vasoconstriction, resulting in increased peripheral resistance. Increasing magnesium intake can dilate peripheral blood vessels and lower blood pressure. Especially in the use of diuretics in patients with hypertension, urinary magnesium excretion also increased, more attention should be paid to magnesium supplementation.
It should be noted that when the patient is accompanied by chronic renal insufficiency, potassium supplementation and calcium supplementation should be paid special attention. Otherwise, or potassium excretion disorder accumulates in the body and cause electrolyte imbalance, or the increase of calcium metabolism increases the burden on the kidney and makes the condition worse.
There are several common foods that people with high blood pressure can consume in moderation every day. They are:
(1) Beans. Regardless of red beans, mung beans, soybeans, black beans, and kidney beans, as long as the beans are rich in potassium, the tofu in soy products is rich in calcium and magnesium. Therefore, tofu is a food that hypertensive patients should eat every day. Adults 200 to 300 g / day is appropriate. Red beans, mung beans, and kidney beans are mixed with rice, oats, millet, corn and other cereals to make grain rice, rice pudding, red bean soup, mung bean soup, etc., which are very good.
(2) Edible fungi. In the United States, it is recommended that the public eat a little edible fungus every day. This advice is very suitable for people with high blood pressure. The content of potassium, calcium and magnesium in mushrooms and fungus is relatively high. In addition, it contains a lot of other phytochemicals and dietary fiber, which are needed by people with high blood pressure.
(3) Green leafy vegetables. Many high blood pressure friends have this experience, eating celery has a good blood pressure therapeutic effect, because whether it is potassium, calcium, magnesium, are in green leafy vegetables, and celery is indeed a typical representative of green leaf blood pressure lowering. Generally, the greener vegetables with deeper color, the higher the content of potassium, calcium and magnesium, the same vegetable, the color of the leaves is deeper than the stem, and the content of natural active ingredients is also higher. The celery must be eaten together with the leaves.
Coarse grains. Such as bran, brown rice, whole wheat
Beans. Such as red beans, broad beans, and lentils
Fruits and vegetables. Such as dried apricots, mushrooms, bamboo shoots, seaweed, celery.
Dairy. Such as yogurt, cheese
Fruits and vegetables. Such as green leafy vegetables, seaweed, black fungus
Seafood. Shrimp skin
Nuts. Such as walnuts, almonds, and sesame sauce
Edible fungus. Mushroom
Fruits and vegetables. Such as spinach, leeks, celery, chicory, kale