Diabetes is a common chronic disease in the elderly, and there is currently no cure.
For diabetics, how to coordinate daily diets becomes an important topic every day. How to minimize the intake of sugar to avoid blood sugar fluctuations, but also to achieve a balanced and healthy diet, it can be said that many sugar friends racked their brains.
5 major mistakes in the diabetes diet
/ Eat coarse grains can lower blood sugar /
In recent years, coarse grains have a high popularity among diabetic patients.
Coarse grain refers to a type of food that is relative to the fine grains such as polished rice and white flour that we usually eat. Common cereals, dried beans, and so on. This type of food is rich in dietary fiber and helps to absorb the starch in the food. Therefore, many sugar friends think that eating more coarse grains is very helpful for lowering blood sugar.
But in fact, coarse grains do not have the effect of lowering blood sugar. After eating dietary fiber, we can only slow down the increase of blood sugar in the body for a period of time. As time goes on, the sensitivity of each tissue to insulin will decrease, and the increase of blood sugar will still increase.
/ coarse grain can replace fine grain /
Another misunderstanding about coarse grains.
As mentioned above, coarse grains do contain a lot of dietary fiber, vitamins, inorganic salts and other substances that are very helpful in controlling blood sugar. But coarse grains can’t be eaten more.
On the one hand, similar to fine grains, eating too much will still absorb the corresponding sugar, which will also lead to weight gain. On the other hand, patients with poor spleen and stomach may affect the ability to digest when eating coarse grains, so that the original nutrients in the coarse grains can not be absorbed by the body, leading to hypoglycemia.
Although coarse grains are good at helping to control postprandial blood sugar, they cannot be overly dependent. It is recommended that all sugar friends should consider the daily intake of coarse grains to be controlled at around 50g, and remember to drink more water after eating coarse grains.
/Diabetes can not drink porridge /
Porridge is a porridge, and its cooking time is longer. The starch in the rice will become a form of dextrin, which is more easily absorbed by the body. Therefore, the blood sugar will rise faster after the meal, so many sugar friends think that the diabetic is not suitable. Drink porridge.
Diabetic patients are not completely unable to drink porridge. Clinically, it is generally not recommended for diabetic patients with poor glycemic control to drink porridge. If the patient can control the postprandial blood glucose to 10mmol/L within two weeks, drinking porridge in daily life is completely ok.
In addition, elderly patients with weak spleen and stomach, porridge-based food is more conducive to digestion after meals. Therefore, you can use porridge with a small amount of coarse grains as a staple food, which is not only beneficial for absorption but also for nutritional balance.
If you are worried that your blood sugar will fluctuate after drinking porridge, you can offset it by appropriate exercise after meals, such as low-intensity aerobic exercise for 20 to 30 minutes.
/ Diabetes can not eat egg yolk /
The main component of egg yolk is cholesterol. For diabetics, cholesterol is a cautious intake of nutrients, diabetes is a large potential population of coronary heart disease and stroke, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) is the primary cause of diabetic macrovascular events. Risk factors.
But this does not mean that sugar friends can not eat egg yolk, cholesterol is also good or bad, considering the nutritional balance, it is recommended that sugar friends do not exceed 4 eggs per week, or one egg every two days, can even eat with egg yolk.
/ There is a staple food for diabetics /
There are a lot of businesses in the market who are looking at the huge market of diabetics and have launched a series of sugar-free XX foods.
In fact, the concept of “sugar-free” in these foods is simply the absence of glucose or sucrose. In fact, many substances may be converted into glucose after entering the human body. Therefore, eating so-called sugar-free foods may cause blood sugar to soar, and patients need to understand before purchasing.