Chinese people are generally in a state of excessive salt consumption, so potassium that promotes sodium excretion becomes an important mineral. On September 4, Arjun Seth of the Albert Einstein Medical University in the United States published a paper in the medical journal Stroke (electronic version), a survey of about 90,000 American women showed that potassium was taken through diet. More women have a lower risk of stroke than women who consume less. It is said that this effect is more effective for non-hypertensive women.
Potassium intake not only reduces stroke risk but also reduces risk of death
In this study, Seth conducted an average of 11.1 years of follow-up data from a 50-79-year-old woman who had had menopause, and selected 90,137 subjects (mean age 63.6 years) who did not have a stroke. Investigate and estimate the potassium intake of their daily diet.
According to the potassium intake, the subjects were divided into four groups, compared with the group with the lowest potassium intake (the daily potassium intake was less than 1925 mg), and the other groups had lower risk of stroke and death, and the potassium intake was lower. The largest group (with a daily intake of more than 3193.5 mg of potassium) reduced the risk of stroke by 12% (16% reduction in the incidence of cerebral infarction) and a 10% reduction in the risk of death. However, if the scope of stroke is limited to cerebral hemorrhage, there is no reduction in risk.
This effect is more pronounced in women without hypertension, with a 21% reduction in the risk of stroke in the group with the highest intake, with a 27% reduction in the risk of cerebral infarction and a significant reduction in risk. For women with high blood pressure, only the risk of death is reduced, while the risk of other diseases is not reduced.
Only 2.8% of the daily potassium intake reached the recommended amount
Seth et al. pointed out in this study: “The amount of potassium in the United States through diet is far from the recommended value. To prevent stroke, we should strongly recommend a more effective diet.”
In the United States, the recommended daily intake of potassium for women is 4,700 mg or more, and in this study, only 2.8% of the women who achieved the recommended amount, even the recommended daily amount of the World Health Organization recommended 3510 In terms of milligrams, only 16.6% of women reached the recommended amount. Seth said: “If you can’t change this diet that uses processed meat and reduced vegetable and fruit intake, there will be no improvement in potassium intake.”
Potassium-rich foods are typical of potatoes, bananas, etc., and can be eaten more appropriately. However, considering the difficulty of renal patient discharge, kidney patients should pay attention to the intake of high-potassium food.