Hyperlipidemia is a big headache for people’s health. If we want to reduce blood lipids properly, we also need to see the right situation and take the right medicine. While taking the medicine scientifically, we should coordinate with the diet and combine proper exercise. Fat is still very effective.
A friend wants to ask, let me take medicine as soon as I come? I just want to control by diet, isn’t it?
This also depends on the specific situation, such as the severity and type of hyperlipidemia. If the level of hyperlipidemia is slight, it can be controlled by diet. However, if the degree is heavier, it is best to use drugs to stabilize the vascular condition. From a long-term perspective, otherwise long-term excessively high blood lipids cannot be conditioned, and blood vessels will be more prone to disease, and many diseases will worsen by then. Hyperlipidemia is also divided into “hypertriglyceridemia” and “hypercholesterolemia”. Hypercholesterolemia may usually be accompanied by drugs, because it may be more difficult to stabilize through dietary control.
Hypertriglyceridemia can achieve good results through dietary conditioning, which is generally caused by long-term intake of high-oil, high-fat, high-sugar foods in the diet, and has a certain relationship with genetic factors. It is best to achieve a daily light diet , Eat more at home, reduce the habit of eating out, ordering takeaway. The control of high oil and high fat is basically in mind, and here are 2 points to emphasize:
① Light does not mean not eating meat or salt.
The most important part of a light diet is actually the control of the cooking method and the intake of ingredients. Some low-fat and low-heat foods are still high-oil and high-fat foods if they are eaten in deep-fried, braised, hot pot oil soak. The method of cooking, stewing, stir-frying, and cold mixing will have a good improvement; the meat is not inedible, but it should be appropriate. It is recommended to be 40 ~ 75g daily. In severe cases, it is advisable to choose lean meat, but nothing. Problem; table salt should be properly ingested and controlled within 6g daily, instead of not eating at all. If the sodium ion is too deficient, we will feel physically weak and lethargic.
② High-sugar foods that are easily overlooked.
High oil and high fat do have a significant effect on blood triglycerides, but high sugar foods may also indirectly affect blood lipids. Excessive intake of high-sugar foods may lead to a large amount of glycogen synthesis. If these glycogens are eventually unavailable (they can be converted into glucose for energy when the body lacks glucose), they will eventually be converted into fat in the liver. So if you eat too much high-sugar food, it will also affect the triglyceride content in the blood. What we may eat in our daily life: cookies, cakes, puffs, cold drinks, ice cream, sweet snacks, net red milk tea, etc.
Complicated is the control of hypercholesterolemia.
Many friends will find that I can control my diet clearly, and I do n’t eat the sea, and people are not fat. Why do I have a high cholesterol? Most of these friends are caused by “endogenous cholesterol”.
Our cholesterol is divided into endogenous and exogenous. Endogenous is the cholesterol secreted by itself, which is mainly synthesized by the liver. Exogenous is the cholesterol obtained from food. Endogenous cholesterol accounts for 80% of total cholesterol, while exogenous cholesterol accounts for only about 20%, but endogenous cholesterol is related to many factors, such as endocrine stability, liver health, genetic factors, and physical fitness. It is difficult for us to take the initiative to control, so we usually rely on drug conditioning. Although we can take the initiative in exogenous cholesterol, the possible results are not obvious.
If you have a hypercholesterolemia friend, you can try to eat the following foods to help conditioning:
① Foods rich in dietary fiber.
Foods rich in dietary fiber are commonly fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and whole grain foods. Dietary fiber can slow food digestion and help control sugar and lipid. It can inhibit the absorption of some sugars, fats, and cholesterol. Studies have found that dietary fiber Adequate intake can prevent the occurrence of various cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.
② Foods rich in polyunsaturated fatty acids.
Unsaturated fatty acids are a good helper for regulating blood lipids. For example, ω3 / 6 series fatty acids, ω6 can help increase the number of high-density lipoproteins, strengthen cholesterol transport and metabolism, and help regulate serum cholesterol. Omega 3 also has the effect of regulating blood lipids. Can fight inflammation, vascular sclerosis and other issues, and strengthen the brain and brain. It is more common in nuts, vegetable oils, and deep-sea fish. It is recommended to consume deep sea fish once or twice a week, they have a good effect on improving blood lipids.
In addition, avoid ingesting too many processed foods, such as potato chips, ham, fish balls, luncheons and other foods that do not have raw materials. These foods have many ingredients and high saturated fats and trans fatty acids, which not only increase Triglycerides are also bad for cholesterol in the blood. Trans fatty acids will increase the amount of low-density lipoprotein, increase the circulation of cholesterol in the blood, increase the concentration of cholesterol in the blood, and also exacerbate atherosclerosis and induce a variety of diseases.