Increased uric acid, drinking water and eating has become a worry. “If the uric acid is high, eating chicken is better than eating duck meat. Eating beef is better than eating pork.” Ye Yanbin, deputy director of the Nutrition Department of Zhongshan First Hospital, said that gout patients should control their mouth, eggs and milk are low in sputum, which is the time of gout. safe food.
Ye Yanbin said that the “old fire soup” that Cantonese people love to drink and the seafood that young people prefer, because of the high content of sputum, can induce gout, so it should be avoided.
Patients with high uric acid and gout should follow seven dietary control principles.
- Limit the intake of food containing more than 150, the daily intake of < <150mg;
- Drink plenty of water, more than 2000ml per day;
- Eat more alkaline plant foods such as vegetables and fruits;
- Protein sources are preferred to contain low-lying foods such as milk, eggs, etc.;
- Adjust diet and exercise intensity to maintain weight in the normal range;
- Obese people should lose weight properly, but don’t ask for speed, because rapid weight loss can cause a lot of ketone body production, but inhibit uric acid excretion.
- Hyperlipidemia restricts fat intake.
Eating meat without soup to reduce sputum intake
Ye Yanbin pointed out that common foods can be roughly classified into three categories according to the content of strontium.
According to the severity of gout, patients can formulate recipes according to the following principles: In the acute phase, the first type of food is selected, and the total amount of liquid per patient is not less than 3000 ml per day.
During the remission period, the third type of food should be banned, and the second type of food should be used in a limited amount, and the first type of food should be freely selected.
The cooking method has an effect on the cockroaches in the food. For example, after the meat is boiled, it only eats meat and does not drink soup, which can reduce the intake of cockroaches.
Pay attention to the amount of three types of food
1, The first type of food: the content of bismuth is less than 50mg/100g
Valley potato: rice, millet, rice flour, glutinous rice, barley, wheat, buckwheat, rich flour, flour, macaroni, noodles, noodles, bread, taro, oatmeal, sweet potato, potato, taro.
Vegetables: cabbage, cabbage, mustard, celery, green leaf, spinach, kale, sage, amaranth, cucumber, bitter gourd, melon, pumpkin, loofah, zucchini, cauliflower, eggplant, bean sprouts, green pepper, radish, carrot, onion , tomato, lettuce, pickles, pickles, onions, ginger, garlic, clams.
Fruits: orange, orange, apple, pear, peach, watermelon, cantaloupe, banana, apple juice, jelly, dried fruit, sugar, syrup, jam.
Egg milk: eggs, duck eggs, preserved eggs, milk, milk powder, cheese, yogurt, condensed milk.
Nuts and other: pig blood, pig skin, sea cucumber, jellyfish, seaweed, red dates, raisins, fungus, honey, melon seeds, almonds, chestnuts, lotus seeds, peanuts, walnuts, peanut butter, alfalfa, tea, coffee, sodium bicarbonate ( Baking soda), chocolate, cocoa, fat (limited use).
2, The second type of food (purine content 50~150mg/100g)
Miscellaneous grains: rice bran, wheat bran, wheat germ, coarse grains, mung beans, red beans, peas, flower beans, kidney beans, dried tofu, tofu, green beans, black beans.
Meat: pork, beef, veal, lamb, chicken, rabbit, duck, goose, pigeon, turkey, ham, beef tongue.
Fish, shrimps and crabs: squid, squid, squid, grass carp, squid, squid (salmon), black mullet, halibut, barracuda, fish balls, shrimp, lobster, squid, crab.
Other: fresh mushrooms, asparagus, fresh peas, kelp, green beans, spinach.
3, The third type of food purine content is 150~1000mg/100g)
Animal internal organs: liver, belly, kidney, small intestine, brain, pancreas.
Fish and shellfish: leucorrhea, white mullet, sardines, anchovies, squid, squid, squid, dried fish, oysters, clams.
Soups: thick gravy, thick chicken soup and broth, hot pot soup, yeast powder.
Gout relief period: How is the recipe determined?
Breakfast: 250 ml skimmed milk, 100 g bread.
Lunch: rice (100 grams of rice), scrambled eggs with tomatoes (60 grams of eggs, 100 grams of tomatoes), 150 grams of fried cabbage.
Afternoon meal: one fruit (150 grams).
Dinner: rice (100 grams), chicken celery (80 grams of chicken, 100 grams of celery) or 150 grams of fried cabbage, 20 grams of oil throughout the day.