Pumpkin is an annual creeping herbaceous plant. The fruits of Cucurbitaceae are round, oblate, oblong, spindle-shaped or gourd-shaped. They are warm and sweet, and enter the spleen and stomach. It has the functions of replenishing qi, relieving phlegm, purging sputum, anti-inflammatory and analgesic, detoxifying and killing insects, and can be used to treat asthma, edema, poor urination, burns, constipation and other symptoms. 50-250g, can be eaten, cooked porridge, decoction, or mashed, for pills.
Modern research shows that pumpkin is rich in nutrition. The pulp of pumpkin contains a variety of amino acids (hulupine, adenine, arginine, citrulline, aspartic acid, polyose, etc.), polysaccharides, vitamins, pectin, Minerals (potassium, phosphorus, calcium, iron, zinc, selenium, etc.), as well as nickel, fiber, carotene, carbohydrates, etc. The seeds have a large amount of protein and fatty acids, which are low in fat, low in sodium, high in dietary fiber, High vitamin, high potassium, high calcium food.
The oil content of pumpkin seeds is 48.61%, and the crude fat content is 51.03% -55.91%. The main fatty acids are palmitic acid, stearic acid, oleic acid, and linoleic acid. The highest content of oleic acid is 23.1% -51.5%. Secondly, palmitic acid accounts for 25.0% -39.1%, and unsaturated fatty acids account for 37.2% -61.4% of total fatty acids [Food and Drugs, 2005, 7 (7): 30-31]. Most of them are unsaturated fatty acids. Unsaturated fatty acids can reduce the content of serum cholesterol and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and increase the content of high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, thereby inhibiting atherosclerosis.
In addition, the pectin in pumpkin can regulate the absorption rate of food in the stomach and slow down the absorption of sugars. Pectin can also combine with excess cholesterol in the body to reduce cholesterol absorption and reduce blood cholesterol concentration, thereby reducing blood lipids. Effect, so pumpkin has the reputation of “lower sugar and lower fat”.
Therefore, people with diabetes often take this product to accompany meals. Not only can they have a belly, but they can also lower blood sugar and fat, which can be described as one-shot.
Here are a few pumpkin diet recipes that lower blood sugar and fat:
Seaweed pumpkin soup: 100g old pumpkin, 20g seaweed, 20g shrimp skin, 1 egg, appropriate amount of soy sauce, rice wine, vinegar, monosodium glutamate and sesame oil. Soak the laver in water, wash, stir the eggs into a bowl, peel and squash the pumpkin, wash and cut into pieces; set the pot on the fire, pour the lard, heat it up, add an appropriate amount of water, and then put the shrimp in order , Pumpkin pieces, laver, eggs, add seasoning and mix well. Has a role in lowering blood lipids.
Pumpkin soup: 250g of pumpkin. Peel and scramble the pumpkin, wash and cut into small pieces, add 500 mL of water to the pot, cook until the melon is cooked, and add the seasoning. Drink soup and eat melon, take 1 time each morning and night. Taking this soup for a long time has the effect of reducing sugar and thirst, reducing weight and fat.
Pumpkin porridge: pumpkin, glutinous rice flour, sugar each amount. Peel and squash large pieces of pumpkin and put them in a microwave on high heat for about 10-12 minutes, then use a spoon to squeeze into the mud. Put pumpkin puree into a casserole, add water to boil, and finally slowly pour the glutinous rice paste, stir, cook, and add sugar. Just season.
However, when eating pumpkin, you should also pay attention to:
Do not eat pumpkin with mutton.
Patients with beriberi, jaundice, fullness of the chin, postpartum acne, and dampness of qi and stagnation must avoid eating pumpkin.
In addition, blood glucose and lipids should be raised, first of all should go to the hospital to ask a doctor for a comprehensive comprehensive treatment plan, do not delay the standard diagnosis and treatment.