Patients with kidney disease should eat bananas to prevent hyperkalemia

Ms. banana eats hyperkalemia

Yesterday morning, Ms. Liu, who was 43 years old in the urban area, suddenly fainted after eating three bananas. The family sent it to the city center hospital. The doctor checked the diagnosis of hypertension caused by improper diet. After trying to rescue, she saved her life. .

According to Huang Qin, a nurse involved in the rescue, Ms. Liu had a sudden cardiac arrest when she arrived at the hospital. The blood potassium concentration was as high as 8.7/mmol/L, which was nearly double that of normal people. Ms. Liu, who has awakened, regrets very much. “Frankly,” she did not listen to the doctor. It turned out that she diagnosed uremia a few years ago and insisted on regular hemodialysis in the hospital. Although I usually listen to doctors and control my diet, I thought that I would have some negligence in the New Year last week. I ate three bananas at home every day for a week and a lot of candied fruit.

“Near the New Year, there are many foods prepared at home. Many nephropathy patients ignore the dietary taboos on weekdays and eventually lead to hyperkalemia.” Yang Lin, director of the Department of Nephrology, Central Hospital, said that the department recently treated many patients with high potassium, many of whom are Outpatients who are regularly dialysis in the blood purification room. One day, even four similar patients were treated in a row, all of which were caused by improper diet. Some people have caused some obstacles to rescue because they eat hot pots with too much oil and water, high oil and even block the vascular passage. Subsequently, the reporter learned from a hospital in Yichang City and the Department of Nephrology, Renhe Hospital of China Three Gorges University. Recently, many patients with kidney disease caused by improper diet caused high blood potassium. One of them was rescued by greedy oranges and just improved.

Eating, eating, and other factors cause trouble

Why is this happening? In the interview, the reporter asked a number of patients with kidney disease and sudden hyperkalemia to find out that the main intrinsic eating habits have not changed, and luck is at stake.

Some of the patients with sudden hyperkalemia are still knowingly committed under the doctor’s warning, and some people do not know the dietary taboo. At the same time, although most people are sick, it is difficult to change their diet habits for many years. They often consciously and unconsciously “break the ring”, and others lack relevant knowledge and sudden illness after improper diet.

The 31-year-old Ms. Wang’s experience is very representative. She was diagnosed with uremia in 2010 and had three hemodialysis treatments a week. Although I love to eat hot pot, I have been restrained. Recently, thinking about the health of the body, I tried to eat a hot pot full of good fortune. I saw it for a few weeks in a row without seeing any discomfort. As a result, the muscles were sore, the limbs were wet and cold, and the irritability was uneasy. The blood potassium was severely exceeded and it was hospitalized.

These taboo food nephropathy patients should eat less

Li Yubin, director of the Department of Nephrology, Yichang City Hospital, and Hu Bin, director of the Department of Nephrology, Renhe Hospital, Three Gorges University, said that patients with kidney disease often have impaired renal function. After ingesting high-potassium food, they are not easily excreted effectively. In the long run, hyperkalemia may occur suddenly. Yang Lin, director of the Department of Nephrology at the Central Hospital, said that patients with uremia should pay special attention to controlling potassium-rich foods. Sometimes they may not have any symptoms once or twice, but when symptoms appear, high potassium is already very serious and often life-threatening. .

For patients with kidney disease, how to prevent the occurrence of high potassium and nutrition? Yang Lin, director of the Department of Nephrology at the Central Hospital, said that patients with kidney disease should try to consume high-potassium foods such as lentils, broad beans and other dried beans, seaweed, shrimp skin, kelp and other aquatic products, algae, nuts, and fruit, potato chips, etc. It is best not to eat or eat less. In addition, vegetables should be cut and soaked before eating, boiled with boiling water and then fried, can reduce the potassium content; eat fruit can be added with sugar and boiled water, eat water, do not drink juice drinks; eat less hot pot, avoid bibimbap with broth, no Drink MSG-containing soup; do not eat low-sodium salt and low-sodium soy sauce on the market; coffee and tea also contain a lot of potassium ions, especially those who like coffee and tea; ultra-low temperature chilled foods contain potassium than fresh foods. The amount is 1/3 lower.