People with diabetes do not eat rice noodles instead of potatoes and sweet potatoes

First we need to know what a staple food is. Generally speaking, the staple food refers to foods with carbohydrates as the main nutrients. why would you said this? Because under normal circumstances, most people’s diet structure, carbohydrates supply more than 50%, so foods rich in carbohydrates are called staple foods. Even in Europe and the United States, where meat is more heavily eaten, cereals and potatoes account for half of the foods recommended by the dietary guidelines.

In daily life, we have become accustomed to foods such as rice and slender buns as staple food, and potatoes and sweet potatoes are generally used as vegetables. Some articles suggest that people with diabetes should not eat rice noodles, but should eat potatoes and sweet potatoes, thinking that this can reduce blood sugar. Can this really lower blood sugar?

What kind of effect will diabetes people have on eating blood sugar instead of rice noodles?
In the daily life of the Chinese, the staple food in many people’s concepts is rice and pasta, as well as corn, oats, buckwheat, quinoa and other grains. As for potatoes and sweet potatoes, there are root foods such as taro and yam, which are eaten as vegetables. For example, green pepper potatoes, shredded yam, braised taro, etc. are all home-cooked dishes.

However, from a nutritional point of view, potatoes and sweet potatoes are both foods based on starch. According to the definition of staple food, they should also be used as staple food. Also yam, taro and other foods should be considered staple foods. Especially for diabetic patients, these foods can replace the staple food when formulating recipes. In layman’s terms, if you eat shredded peppers and potatoes, the rice or noodles should be reduced accordingly.

So what effect will replacing rice noodles with potatoes and sweet potatoes have on blood sugar?

What kind of effect will diabetes people have on eating blood sugar instead of rice noodles?
If you want to make a classification of staple foods, you can divide them into two categories: fine staple foods and coarse grains.

The white rice, white porridge, white noodle steamed bread, noodles, and white bread that we usually eat every day are fine staple foods. The fine staple food is characterized by deep-processed cereals, starches in the nutritional components account for the vast majority, and vitamins, minerals, and dietary fiber are few.

Coarse grains and miscellaneous beans are just the opposite, with a low degree of processing. In addition to starch, they are also rich in dietary fiber, multivitamins and minerals, as well as a wide range of beneficial plant compounds such as flavonoids, carotenoids, anthocyanins, etc. .

It can be seen that the nutritional value of coarse grains and miscellaneous beans is much higher than that of fine staples such as white rice, white noodles, steamed bread, and noodles. In addition, because the coarse grains and miscellaneous beans are rich in dietary fiber, which slows down the rate of digestion and absorption, the glycemic index is much lower than that of fine staple foods, and has a small effect on blood glucose. For this reason, dietary guidelines in major countries around the world recommend replacing some fine staples with coarse grains and mixed beans.

What kind of effect will diabetes people have on eating blood sugar instead of rice noodles?
For people with diabetes, controlling postprandial blood glucose is the key treatment link. Potatoes and sweet potatoes, as well as other coarse grains and miscellaneous beans, are rich in dietary fiber and have a low glycemic index. The rate of postprandial blood glucose rise is slower and lower. Therefore, replacing white rice and white noodles with potatoes and sweet potatoes is beneficial for smoothing blood sugar after a meal. However, some people have weak digestive ability in the gastrointestinal tract. If they eat whole grains, they will have abdominal distension and abdominal pain and other symptoms of indigestion. It is recommended to gradually increase the amount of coarse grains to replace one-third to one-half of fine grains.

As for not eating fine grains, just eating potatoes and sweet potatoes can lower blood sugar, which is impossible. The accurate statement should be that the degree of blood sugar increase after eating potatoes and sweet potatoes may be lower. In addition, if you eat more potatoes and sweet potatoes, blood sugar will also rise very sharply.