Is a small amount of drinking healthy? There have been some articles promoting that the incidence and mortality of cardiovascular-related diseases in low-dose drinkers are lower, not only lower than those who drink too much, but also lower than those who do not drink at all. The so-called “small amount of drinking is good for health” is probably due to this. And is the actual situation really like this?
French cardiovascular health benefits from wine?
A famous saying is “the French paradox”, that is, the French people’s diet, work and other lifestyles are not healthy, but their cardiovascular incidence is not high. There are various explanations for this situation, one of which is that French people like to drink wine. Wine may be beneficial to cardiovascular health, so the cardiovascular incidence of French people is not high.
It is a hooligan to directly relate related relationships to causal relationships. The actual situation is that people who regularly drink wine tend to have higher economic conditions and pay more attention to daily life such as nutritional conditions and health care. Therefore, the lower incidence or mortality of cardiovascular disease may not be the result of drinking wine.
Excluding these other factors, although the recognition of the positive effects of wine on cardiovascular health has become lower, some people believe that. There are many explanation hypotheses, and one widely circulated is that wine contains antioxidants such as resveratrol. However, experiments have found that it is almost impossible to achieve an effective concentration of antioxidant.
In other words, in order to achieve the effects of clearing blood vessels, anti-oxidation, etc., it is necessary to drink a lot, so that the huge damage to organs such as the liver will be more serious.
What harm does pregnant women drink?
The study found that alcohol has a great impact on the fetus. During pregnancy, even a small amount of alcohol can cause a certain degree of influence on the development of the baby’s eyes, nose, mouth and other facial features, such as a shorter nose and a slightly nose. On the one hand, alcohol affects the ultrastructure of the placenta. On the other hand, the oxidative metabolite of alcohol, acetaldehyde, has a toxic effect on cells and can affect the appearance of the fetus.
In addition, pregnant women drinking may also change other aspects of the fetal facial features, such as increased abortion probability, fetal weight, joint development, etc., may also affect intelligence. Therefore, it is recommended that pregnant women should avoid drinking alcohol.
Excessive drinking can cause cancer
The wine has a huge damage to the liver, not only induces liver cancer, but also makes the concentration of acetaldehyde in the saliva up to 10-100 times in the blood, which causes the upper digestive tract to become cancerous. Even drinking only half a liter (25 grams) of alcohol a day can lead to a significant increase in the incidence of multiple cancers. Oral cancer and pharyngeal cancer increased by 82%, esophageal cancer increased by 39%, laryngeal cancer increased by 43%, breast cancer increased by 25%, and the incidence of other colon cancer, rectal cancer, and gastric cancer also increased.
The mechanism by which alcohol causes cancer varies depending on the type of cancer. For example, in the occurrence of liver cancer, the metabolites of alcohol in the liver, acetaldehyde and acetic acid, induce liver cirrhosis, which may further develop into liver cancer; in addition, alcohol can reduce the concentration of retinoic acid, resulting in excessive proliferation and differentiation of cells. It is more prone to cancer.
The effect of alcohol on the body should not be underestimated.
The amount of calories contained in alcohol cannot be ignored. Each gram of alcohol contains about 7 kilocalories, and each 400 milliliters of beer produces about 112 kilocalories, which is equivalent to 30 grams of staple food. At the same time, it can weaken the body’s fat metabolism, increase the body’s fat storage, increase appetite, so long-term drinking is easy to cause obesity.
A study in the United States has shown that neither mild nor moderate drinking can prevent alcohol from adversely affecting the human brain. To some extent, people who drink between 1 and 6 cups a week are considered to be light drinkers, while those who drink moderately drink more than 7 cups a week. Studies have shown that both mild and moderate drinkers cause varying degrees of brain atrophy after drinking, and this situation does not distinguish between men and women, regardless of race.
Regardless of the amount of alcohol consumed, asthma can be induced. For asthma patients, no matter how much alcohol or alcohol is high, it is harmful and unhelpful. This is because alcohol can cause allergic diseases and can also stimulate the throat, which can trigger asthma attacks.
According to epidemiological investigations and studies, more than 40 grams of alcohol per day for more than 5 years, a total of 73 kilograms or more, 48% of people will suffer from varying degrees of alcoholic liver disease. Moreover, due to the large differences in individual individuals, the sensitivity to alcohol is different, and the physical condition and metabolic capacity vary widely. Therefore, the amount of so-called small amount of drinking is difficult to control and varies from person to person. Whether it is liquor, wine, beer or any other alcoholic beverage, as long as the total amount is too large, it is harmful to the liver.
The healthiest amount of drinking is zero.
The Chinese Dietary Guidelines (2016) recommends that adult males drink no more than 25 grams of alcohol per day, which is equivalent to about 750 ml of beer, 250 ml of wine or 85 ml of low-alcohol; adult women do not exceed 15 g. Equivalent to 450 ml of beer, 150 ml of wine or 45 ml of low-alcohol.
Therefore, the healthiest amount of drinking is zero! Healthy life, stay away from alcohol, abandon those rumors that a small amount of drinking helps health, and be responsible for your own body!